Explosive character and Total Energy
After the explosion, TNT decomposes as follows:
2 C7H5N3O6 → 3N2 + 5H2O + 7CO + 7C
2 C7H5N3O6 → 3N2 + 5H2 + 12CO + 2C
This reaction is exothermic but has a high activation energy. Since the production of carbon, TNT stone crusher plant explosion has the appearance of soot. Because TNT has excess carbon, the mixture can explode with oxygen-rich compounds that can produce more energy per kilogram of TNT alone. During the 20th century, amatol, a mixture of TNT with military explosive ammonium nitrate is widely used. TNT explosions can be done by using a high-speed initiator.
Trinitrotolueana contains a 2.8 mega joules per kilogram explosive energy. The heat of combustion is actually 14.5 megajoules per kilogram, which requires some TNT carbon reacts with oxygen in the atmosphere, which does not occur in the initial event. The explosion energy is used by NIST is 4184 J / g (4.184 MJ / kg). The energy density of TNT is used as a reference point for many types of explosives, including nuclear weapons, energy content measured in kilotons (~ 4,184 terajoules) or megatons (~ 4.184 PETA joules) of TNT.
For comparison, the powder containing 3 megajoules per kilogram, dynamite contains 7.5 megajoules per kilogram, and gasoline contains 47.2 megajoules per kilogram (though gasoline requires oxidants, so that an optimized petrol and O2 mixture containing 10.4 megajoules per kilogram).
7. Mixed explosives containing TNT
Amatol is highly explosive material made from a mixture of TNT and ammonium nitrate. Amatol used extensively during World War I and World War II. Amatol eventually replaced with other alternatives such as Torpex and Tritonal.
Typically, Amatol used as an explosive in military weapons such as aircraft bombs, shells and sea mines. Amatol currently known by the name Amonite, with 20% TNT and 80% ammonium nitrate.
Ammonal is explosive (explosive) consisting of Ammonium Nitrate 58.6%, Aluminium 21% of 2.4% and 18% trinitrotoluene. The function of ammonium nitrate as an oxidizer and aluminum as an enhancer.
Ednatol is explosive (explosive) which consists of 58% and 42% ethylenedinitramine TNT. Developed in the United States around 1935 with the detonation velocity of 7,400 meters per second.
Octol is an explosive commonly used as a warhead on a missile.
Two formulations commonly used in Octol:
70% 30% HMX and TNT
75% 25% HMX and TNT
Minol is explosive (explosive) which was developed at the beginning of World War II and used for underwater weapons (a sea mine or torpedo sea).
Four types of Minol composition:
o Minol-1: 48% TNT, 42% to 10% ammonium nitrate and aluminum powder.
o Minol-2: 40% TNT, 40% to 20% ammonium nitrate and aluminum powder.
o Minol-3: 42% TNT, 38% to 20% ammonium nitrate and aluminum powder.
o Minol-4: 40% TNT, 40% ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate powder (90/10) and 20% powder aluminiumium.
Torpex is explosive (explosive) were used in World War II. The name is an abbreviation of Torpedo and Explosive. Torpex commonly used as a weapon under water.